Explore the secrets of deep and dark Web with a way to access it.

Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay 
Most of us surf the internet, but the fact is you can surf only a very small part of the internet which is called the surface web. And the large part is split into two categories, which you can call the deep web and dark web. So this article will tell you what is the deep and dark web and what kind of stuff you may find on it, with the way to access it.

BUT, AT FIRST,  LET'S KNOW ABOUT INTERNET AND WORLD WIDE WEB

WHAT IS INTERNET?
The Internet is a global wide-area network that's made through billions of computers and devices connected together. It comprises high-bandwidth data lines that contain the Internet "backbone." These Lines are connected to major Internet hubs that share data to web servers and (Internet Service Provider) ISPs. By use of the Internet, it is possible to access any type of information and communicate with anyone from anywhere and do much more.

WHAT IS WORLD WIDE WEB?
World wide web also commonly called the web, which is a collection of websites, webpages, stored in web servers and connected to local internet-accessible devices. It is an interconnected system of public webpages accessible through the Internet. You'll also say web means all the resources and users on the Internet that are using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).  World Wide Web uses the internet to reach over the information.

WHAT IS SURFACE WEB?
The surface web, also known as the visible web. It is a small portion of the World Wide Web. It contains 10% of the information that is on the internet and this information easily available for the general public through the help of standard search engines. The websites on the surface web are indexed by search engines through specially programmed scripts called web crawlers sometimes called a spider or spiderbot. Search engine programs use a web crawler as there helper to browse the internet pages before storing that data to use in future searches.


WHAT IS DEEP WEB?
The Deep web also called the hidden web. The deep web is not searchable by standard search engines because crawlers cannot access and gather information from these sites. There are several methods available that can make your website hidden from web crawlers some of them is limited access to there website, require logins to access and ensuring no surface websites have links to their pages, etc. Deep web is used to store information like several organizations' personal data, Cloud storage, military data, medical records, legal documents, subscription information, scientific records, academic information, government resources, conference proceedings, etc.

WHAT IS DARK WEB?
Dark web is also known as darknet. Websites found on the dark web is also not indexed and not searchable through standard search engines. Dark web has a special type of mechanism that supports anonymity and uses an encrypted network build on the top of the internet that can be accessed through specialized Softwares and private networks. It contains a high level of harmless activities like:-
  • Stolen information:- Social Security numbers,  data breach, bank card numbers, log-in credentials, etc.
  • Dangerous items and services:- killing humans, human trafficking, child pornography, body parts, counterfeit goods, guns, etc.
  • Illicit substances:- Prescription drugs, Illegal drugs, toxic chemicals, etc.
Dark web uses bitcoins for transactions that helps assure the anonymity.

THE WAY TO ACCESS DARK WEB
The most common method to access the dark web is to use The Onion Router (TOR) browser. TOR was created by the U.S navy to enable peoples to browse the internet anonymously. Tor network cover up your identity by moving your traffic across different TOR servers and encrypt your network traffic. So the person on the other end sees random nodes of the TOR connection and can't trace the traffic back to you. But the drawback of TOR is routing through many nodes implies that the network connection speed is slower than the normal internet. Some specially designed sites only accessed by TOR that are using ".onion" top-level domains rather than commonly used domains like .com, .org, .in, etc. also there are some alternative methods to access dark web is I2P (invisible internet project). I2P allows peer to peer communications it encrypts the user's traffic using end to end encryption. It works the same as tor but within a web browser.

HOW YOU CAN STAY SAFE ON THE DARK WEB
  • Keep your tor and tor applications updated.
  • Make sure that your device operating system (OS) is up to date. 
  • Use a good VPN.
  • Don't use your regular emails on the dark web sites.
  • Don't click on any link or popups and download a file  (clicking on a suspicious link infect your device with malware or steal your personal information).
  • Cover your webcam with a tap or paper ( many websites try to reinforce a remote administration tool into your device that can give remote access to hackers so they can hijack your device).
  • Surfing dark web leads you to some website of illegal content, illegal drugs, and other shameful online activities, that can put you into trouble.
My advice is if you are a non-technical person don't try to surf the dark web.

CONCLUSION:- This article is all about deep and dark web. If you have any queries feel free to ask in the comment section.